Some of the best travel happens right outside your door. We lived nearly on top of the Newark Earthworks for 7 years, yet never really fully explored them. When some nice November weather hit us, I realized that NOW was the time to visit.
The Newark Earthworks are the largest set of geometric earthen enclosures IN THE WORLD. The earthworks were built by the Hopewell culture between 100 B.C. and 500 A.D. Over the years, the growth of Newark destroyed many of the earthworks (very sad), but three major pieces still survive. We visited 2 of the 3 sites managed by the Ohio History Connection.
The Octagon Earthwork
The Octagon Earthwork is on the grounds of the Moundbuilders Country Club. While this is a private golf course, visitors to the earthworks can access this overlook any time of the year (just watch for flying golf balls). The entire grounds are only open to the public four times per year (see the above link for details).
The earthworks are not considered burial mounds, researchers have concluded that they have some significance in aligning with the rising and setting of the moon. Covering over 50 acres, the earthworks are mostly 5-6 feet high.
The Great Circle Earthwork
The Great Circle Earthwork is nearly 12,000 feet in diameter. Taking up a vast area, it’s hard to see one side of the circle from the other! Not only are the mounds almost 8 feet high, but there is also an interior moat that’s over 5 feet deep. It’s believed that this large circle was used for ceremonial purposes.
A small, on-site museum shows the timeline 0f the Newark Earthworks to other great milestones in history. There are also some Native American artifacts like arrowheads and ceremonial pieces.
In more recent times, the Great Circle mounds were used as a fairgrounds until 1932. This use of the land is what saved the earthworks from destruction.
I would set aside 2 hours for visiting the earthworks with your children. The Newark Earthworks are located 2.5 miles apart. This is a fantastic outdoor attraction because the kids are able to run off energy while still learning about Ohio’s Native American history.
Visiting the Newark Earthworks in Newark, Ohio
Where: Newark, Ohio – 45 minutes east of downtown Columbus
When: Best times to visit are May- October mostly for programming. Check the Ohio History Connection for dates of historian-led tours.
Stay: The Doubletree by Hilton in Newark has fresh cookies on arrival, an indoor pool, and an on-site restaurant. Plus, enjoy walking to Newark’s new Canal Market District. It’s a great hotel for a small city.
Have you visited the Newark Earthworks? Maybe there is another attraction that is in your backyard which you forget to visit? I’d love to hear!
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